Painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting by
Monks at the monasteries lived as hermits in small caves carved into the side of the Bamyan cliffs.
Many of these monks embellished their caves with religious statuary and elaborate, brightly-colored frescoes. They were perhaps the most famous cultural landmarks of the region, and the site was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the surrounding cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamyan Valley.
All OIC states – including Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, three countries that officially recognised the Taliban government – joined the protest to spare the monuments.
Although India never recognised the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, New Delhi offered to arrange for the transfer of all the artifacts in question to India, “where they would be kept safely and preserved for all mankind.”, but these overtures were rejected by the Taliban.
It is believed that the upper parts of their faces were made from great wooden masks or casts.
The rows of holes that can be seen in photographs were spaces that held wooden pegs which served to stabilize the outer stucco.
The Taliban states that Bamyan shall not be destroyed but protected.” However, Afghanistan’s radical clerics began a campaign to crack down on “un-Islamic” segments of Afghan society.
Japan and Switzerland, among others, have pledged support for the rebuilding of the statues.
Bamyan lies on the Silk Road which lies in the Hindu Kush mountain region, in the Bamiyan Valley.
Intriguingly, Xuanzang mentions a third, even larger, reclining statue of the Buddha.
A monumental seated Buddha, similar in style to those at Bamyan, still exists in the Bingling Temple caves in China’s Gansu province.
Since then, the statues had remained largely untouched.